History of the Department of Archaeology
The University of Yangon started the Department of Archaeology on 1 July 1994. There was one head of the Department assisted by a staff of two Lecturers, two assistant Lecturers and three Tutors. All of them were recruited from the History Department. They had some knowledge of Prehistory and Protohistory but knew very little of archaeology and anthropology. The Department therefore had to depend largely on the Archaeology Department, Ministry of Culture and Geology Department, Geography Department, History Department, Law Department, Anthropology Department and Oriental Studies Department and retired personnel of Yangon Institute of Technology to teach-
- Field Archaeology
- Preservation, Conservation and Restoration of Monuments
- Preservation and Conservation of structures and materials
- Prehistoric Archaeology (Stone Age)
- Protohistoric Archaeology (especially in Pyu Period)
- Buddhist Art and Architecture (Pyu and Bagan Period)
- Colonial Period Structures
- Antiquarian Law
- Museology and
- Cultural Heritage Management
Above categories are very important subjects of Myanmar’s Archaeology in today. Although, we continue to collaborate with the Academic Departments, faculty members want to do the first theme is to attend lectures and training from abroad visiting Professors in here and then they want to go to study the abroad Universities at least for sixth months because our faculty members are weak in their subjects. Open Society Foundations offered for upgrade of our Education as a Visiting Professor Programme in the early period of 2012. Visiting Professor Programme, (2012-2013) Academic Year , have been conducted with the expense of the Open Society Foundations.
- to understand about the value of Archaeological Heritage among the people.
- to make about the younger generation for protecting and conserving of Cultural Heritage for present and future.
- to support about the development of Myanmar's Tourism Industry.
- to encourage about the awareness of education among them broadly when the people have known the value of Archaeological Heritage.
- to study about the Archaeological knowledge by from basic to high school students for protecting and conserving of Cultural Heritage.
- to publish about the articles and research papers concern with the Archaeotourism subject for supporting the development of Myanmar's Tourism Industry.
- 2 Lecturer
- 4 Assistant Lecture
- 4 Tutor
CURRICULUM (By Year ,1st to PhD)
Postgraduate Course: M.A(Arch:), MRes(Arch:), PhD (Arch:).
Diploma Course: PDCS(Post Graduate Diploma in Arch:).
Certificate Course: -
Department Announcements / Events
Department of Archaeology is about twenty years old. Archaeology is a very important subject in Myanmar today. Faculty members want to become fully qualified teachers of the department. But it is not entirely feasible yet. Several factors hamper this development. Among them are – lack of foreign degrees, no exposure to foreign academic methods, lack of up to date knowledge, books and journals, the absence of modern scientific facilities, little familiarity with modern practical methodology for field research. Faculty members’ weakness in the English language is an additional major stumbling block. Faculty members would like to go abroad Universities for studying their subject (long term and short term) widely and teaching Methodology, to do the joint research work, to attend the conference and workshop. Students and Staff exchange programmes also need in our Department.
Archeology largely depends on field work (Exploration, Excavation and Conservation). We need much training for the practical Methodology, research Methodology and teaching Methodology from the abroad Scholars and Archaeologists. All Faculty members of Archaeology Department now have a Master’s Degree and others have a PhD degree in Archaeology. There is also an effort to insure an availability of a good library on subjects broadly related to archaeology, and a small laboratory to identify the artifacts unearthed in the excavations.
The department has a small Museum that is in its initial stages of coming into being. What we want is a fairly good-sized Museum that would help us in identifying the artifacts that we have collected from archaeological sites. The artifacts collected have to be identified by the technique used to manufacture them. After having done these preliminary studies, we have to do some preservation and conservation. We feel that we need some training for preservation and conservation of these artifacts. We have an ambition to maintain a Prehistoric Museum of Archaeology Department and we need some training in Museology.
We have collected a fairly large number of potsherds, finger marked bricks and baked bricks with paddy husk in them. There is also pottery of various time, style and usage. Clay pipes are found in the thousands. We need people who are trained in Thermo luminescence dating. Human skeletons were unearthed from archaeological sites and they need to be radiocarbon dated. Some of us should be trained to do that. Dendrochronology and pollen analysis are also specialized subjects. We need training about the dating method.So, we know something about the archaeological subjects but we need further in-depth training in all above subjects.
The first goal of our Department will be reached an Asian Universities’ standard level after four or five years. The final goal will be a Western Universities’ standard after tenth years. So, we need many exposures of abroad scholars and many assistants from abroad Universities and Donors. Our department is only eleven Faculty members and we still have a long way to go to become a world-class institution to provide the knowledge and understanding that the deep, long and unique history of Myanmar deserves.